- Pre-reading. It consists of a quick read or the material to be studied in order to get a general idea about its contents.
- Comprehensive reading. Slow reading with the purpose of correctly understanding what is being explained. If any word or phrase is not understood, a dictionary is used.
Concept selection and organization
- Underlining key ideas or words. When done correctly, the most important part of a text will be understood by reading what was underlined only. Some texts provide clues about what the important concepts are by highlighting them in bold print or other systems. Nonetheless, some words or phrases will still need to be underlined.
- Text summarizing. (Not performed if the text is already noticeably summarized) A good way to build a summary is to write down what is important in fully formed logical phrases. In might be interesting if in the summary the key words or important concepts are underlined as well.
- Building a chart. This means to display the words with the highest conceptual weight organized in a synoptic chart or table, per instance. Once done this the student will have the necessary information to study reduced to its minimum and with a graphic representation of the relationship between concepts.